James Webb Telescope captures spiral galaxies like never before

Human knowledge is truly extraordinary, reveling in its ability to explore the vast and mysterious confines of the world. space.

One of the most impressive tools in this never-ending quest for cosmic understanding is the telescope, an invention that revolutionized our view of the universe.

Since the beginnings of astronomical observation, this equipment has been fundamental in unlocking the secrets of the cosmos.

Galileo Galilei, in 1609, made history by pointing a telescope at the night sky for the first time, finding moons in Jupiter’s orbit and sunspots, which challenged the traditional conceptions of the time.

Currently, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), the most recent marvel of space engineering, represents the pinnacle of this technology in favor of cosmic knowledge.

If you’re not familiar, the JWST is a space telescope developed by NASA, in collaboration with the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

It is designed to overcome the limitations of those that came before, like Hubble, by offering a sharper, deeper view of the universe. And he has achieved this feat.

Stunning JWST Photographs

Recently, the James Webb telescope surprised researchers from the Physics at High Angular Resolution in Nearby Galaxies (PHANGS) program by capturing images of spiral galaxies with impressive proximity.

This project, which already uses other telescopes, such as Hubble itself, saw Webb as a unique tool to improve its studies.

The images obtained by James Webb are truly jaw-dropping. They reveal incredible details of these galaxies, something never seen before.

Galaxy image that impresses with its quality – Image: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Janice Lee (STScI), Thomas Williams, PHANGS/Reproduction

Among the discoveries, the researchers were able to identify holes in the distribution of intergalactic gas. These holes formed when one or more stars exploded in supernovae, dispersing the surrounding gas.

Another notable point in the images is the observation of gas spreading beyond the spiral structure of the galaxy. This is something extraordinary, as we can usually only see the spiral shape with the naked eye.

James Webb provided a broader view by showing how gas disperses beyond the visible boundaries of the galaxy.

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Real images of spiral galaxies – Image: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Janice Lee (STScI), Thomas Williams, PHANGS/Reproduction

Furthermore, the photographs show the galactic center so brightly that it creates a diffraction peak characteristic of supersaturated foreground objects.

This luminous intensity at the center of the galaxy provides valuable data for scientists, allowing a more in-depth analysis of the object’s characteristics.

Erik Rosolowsky, one of the program’s coordinators, expressed excitement that the amount of analysis possible with these images is far greater than anything the team could previously accomplish.

O James Webb not only provided stunning portraits, but opened new perspectives for understanding spiral galaxies and the fascinating processes that occur within them.

Such collaboration between scientists and space technology continues to surprise us and expand our horizons in the vast universe that surrounds us.

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