Brazil on alert: with temperatures of up to 45 ºC, extreme heat wave poses risk of death

Brazil is facing an alarming scenario, with a wave of heat which will intensify in the coming days, raising temperatures to extreme levels, putting the population at risk and threatening to break historical records.

MetSul Meteorologia issued an urgent warning about this critical weather situation. So in this article we will look at what is happening, which areas will be most affected and how to protect yourself during this exceptional heatwave.

Unprecedented hot air mass

An unusually hot air mass is approaching Brazil and the forecast is that it will intensify throughout the week, resulting in temperatures well above historical averages. Check the averages:

Image: INMET/Reproduction

Experts warn that authorities must closely monitor this situation, as extreme heat poses a risk to life, especially for the most vulnerable groups, such as the sick and elderly.

Which states will be most affected?

The heat wave will affect a vast area of ​​the country, with temperatures exceeding 40 ºC. The impacted states include Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul, São PauloMato Grosso, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Goiás, Federal District, Rondônia, Amazonas, Pará, Tocantins, Bahia, Piauí and Maranhão.

Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul will be the most severely affected states, with temperatures expected between 43 ºC and 45 ºC in the coming days. Meteorologists describe this area as the epicenter of a large “heat bubble”, located between Paraguay and the states of Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso.

Image: INMET/Reproduction

In the Southeast, temperatures will also exceed 40 ºC, with Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais facing intense heat. In the Northeast, states such as Bahia, Maranhão and Piauí will also feel the impact of the heat wave.

The hottest days are predicted for the end of this week and the beginning of next, with the warm air mass being compared to that which reached the U.S in July and caused a staggering number of deaths.

It is expected that new temperature records will be set, with São Paulo being able to record up to 39 ºC, surpassing the historical record of 37.8 ºC from 2014.

How to protect yourself from extreme heat?

It is crucial that the public is aware of the risks associated with this extraordinary weather event and takes the necessary precautions to protect their health and well-being.

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To deal with this wave of extreme heat, health experts recommend palliative measures, such as staying hydrated, wearing light clothing, wearing a hat and sunglasses, and applying a good quality sunscreen of 50 SPF or higher.

Furthermore, it is recommended to avoid physical activities strenuous during the hottest hours of the day.