Alert! Dengue cases in Brazil soar and generate concern

The increase in cases of dengue In Brazil, at the beginning of the year, the warning signal from health agencies has already gone up.

The numbers, once again, put the country before the challenge of containing the action of mosquitoes and promoting broad prevention actions.

Until last Wednesday (7), according to the Ministry of Health, more than 392,700 probable cases of the disease had already been registered.

Furthermore, 54 people died as a result of dengue, and another 273 deaths are being investigated to confirm the cause.

The explosion of cases led three states (Acre, Minas Gerais and Goiás), in addition to the Federal District, to declare an emergency situation. In addition to them, the city of Rio de Janeiro is also in this worrying situation.

The forecast is not good for the rest of the year. It is estimated that Brazil will reach more than 4.1 million cases in 2024.

Proliferation of the dengue mosquito raises concern in Brazil – Photo: Reproduction

Dengue numbers by state

According to the latest epidemiological bulletin, referring to 2024, the numbers of cases and deaths due to dengue in Brazil are divided as follows, by state:

Cases of the disease (10 most affected states)

  1. Minas Gerais: 135,716;
  2. São Paulo: 61,873;
  3. Federal District: 48,657;
  4. Paraná: 44,200;
  5. Rio de Janeiro: 28,327;
  6. Goiás: 23,258;
  7. Espírito Santo: 11,128;
  8. Santa Catarina: 8,763;
  9. Amazon: 4,805;
  10. Acre: 4,475.

Dengue deaths in Brazil in 2024

  • Minas Gerais: 11;
  • Paraná: 10;
  • Federal District: 8;
  • Santa Catarina: 5;
  • São Paulo: 6;
  • Goiás: 4;
  • Rio de Janeiro: 3;
  • Rio Grande do Sul: 2;
  • Mato Grosso: 2;
  • Amapá: 1;
  • Bahia: 1;
  • Holy Spirit: 1.

Minister makes appeal

The Minister of Health, Nísia Trindade, made a statement on Tuesday (6) in which she called on society to adopt the necessary precautions to prevent the proliferation of mosquito dengue transmitter.

According to the minister, 75% of the attraction points of the Aedes aegypti They are located in homes, meaning it is a matter of particular care and attention.

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Containing the disease necessarily involves combating mosquitoes.

Because of this, it is important to adopt prevention measures against the accumulation of stagnant water, such as:

  • Keep the water tank tightly closed;
  • Tie the garbage bags tightly;
  • Place tires in covered locations;
  • Avoid accumulating scrap and debris;
  • Receive health and endemic agents;
  • Clean the house gutters well;
  • Put sand in plant pots;
  • Empty pet bottles, pots and vases.

Individual care

There are also some individual precautions that can be implemented to reduce the chances of you being bitten by a mosquito. Check it out below:

  1. Protect areas of the body that mosquitoes can bite by wearing pants and long-sleeved shirts;
  2. Use repellents based on DEET (diethylmetatoluamide), IR3535 or icaridin on the parts of the body that are exposed. They can also be applied to clothes;
  3. Use mosquito nets over the bed, screens on doors and windows and, if possible, air conditioning.

Symptoms of the disease

As with any disease, the sooner dengue is identified, the faster and more effective the treatment will be. Keep an eye out for possible symptoms.

If you or someone close to you shows signs that you have dengue fever, look for a health unit.

The main symptoms of dengue are:

  • Headache or pain in the area behind the eyes;
  • High and persistent fever;
  • Diarrhea or severe pain in the stomach;
  • Frequent nausea and vomiting;
  • Low pressure;
  • Spontaneous bleeding;
  • Decrease in urine;
  • Red spots (rash);
  • Muscle and joint pain;
  • Cold extremities (feet and hands);
  • Agitation or drowsiness.

Vaccination

It is worth remembering that there is already a vaccine against dengue in Brazil, but it is still insufficient for the entire population. The federal government has already sent doses to the states and is prioritizing places with a higher incidence of the disease.

The doses are being distributed to 521 cities that are within regions considered endemic for the disease. The priority at this time is to immunize children aged 10 to 14.

This age group has the highest rate of hospitalizations due to dengue, behind only the elderly. Some private laboratories and clinics have also started offering the vaccine. Stay tuned!

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